Koruma alanlarının çevresinde nüfus hareketleri:Kazdağı ve Manyas Kuşcenneti milli parkı örneği
Koç, Yasin. Koruma alanlarının çevresinde nüfus hareketleri:Kazdağı ve Manyas Kuşcenneti milli parkı örneği. Yayınlanmamış doktora tezi. Balıkesir Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü. 2017The aim of this study is to examine the literature on the population movements that have taken place around the protected areas of the world. The study examine these basic approaches in Turkey looking specifically at the case of Kazdağı and Manyas Bird Paradise National Park within the boundaries of Balıkesir province. This study also tries to evaluate the generalizability of the results to determine whether they are applicable to other protected areas in Turkey. Nature conservation has become increasingly popular over time and the announcement of new protected areas stimulated an examination of their impact on the environment surrounding protected areas. From the beginning of the 2000s, population movements around protected areas have attracted the attention of researchers. Some researchers tend to attribute this progress that stems to perceived positive values of protected areas. They claim that perceived positive values make a positive impact on rural development and nature conservation is not just a concept regarding the protection of wildlife but a means of maintaining rural development. Such argument simplicitly support the declaration of new protected areas. Another group of researchers claim that this assumption does not give a realistic picture of the issue due to the generalizations being based on large data sets. They assert that these works must be supported by small-scale field studies and they claim that population declines have occurred in and around many protected areas throughout the World. This study reviews these claims, viii their background and the meaning of this background at different scales and tries to understand if the generalizations reflect the situation of protected areas in Turkey. In this study mixed research methods have been employed, utilizing secondary data obtained from TÜİK and primary data obtained from a field study. Kazdağı and Manyas Bird Paradise National Park, which were sampling areas have different population movements, not to enhance the population surrounding the saving field conversely argued in the literature, to fail in rural development practises, and the local people settled in the related fields begin to migrate to the closer city as they live economic losses. This study shows that the generalized results from the nomothetic approaches contradict to the results of local scale idiographic research.
- Doktora Tezleri