Sasanilerde askeri teşkilat, silah teknolojisi ve savaş stratejileri
AuthorSivrioğlu, Ulaş Töre
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Sassanids have been the most potent foes of Roman Empire more than four centuries. On the contrary, their cutting edge and breakthrough innovations have been inspired by both Roman Empire and Byzantine. As a result of that influence, Romans have begun to give much importance to cavalry class more than any time in the course of Roman Empire. Yet, Sassanids have been militarily influenced by Turkish clans who have been living in the area of Mediterranean and middle Asia prairies, in terms of war tactics and armed forces.Especially,in development of cavalry class and in foundation of heavy armored cavalry legions; Sassanids have exampled middle Asian military organizations. As a consequence of cultural integrations during late antique age and early medieval era, both long distant weapons and short distant weapons have emerged in the area of frontal Asian districts. Additionally, Sassanids have been highly developed Empire in comparison with it's time. Except for their armed forces, strategies of war, innovations in manufacturing weapons; Sassanids have also had jumbled military - bureaucracy class. For instance; they have appointed clergy class to the army and due to the fact that they have given importance to religious provocations during war time, they have occurred principles of war at the age of Medieval Era in terms of ideology. Archbishops of Sassanids namely Mobedan-ı Mobeds have played key points in both military and political issues. Military system of Sassanids, martial bureaucracies , spying and their postal service organizations have been influenced and inspired by Persians (present time Iran ) and those who were rulers of the surroundings of Iran's called; Abbasid, Buwayhid, Seljuks, Ghaznavids. Furthermore; both fundamentals of military organizations of the Sassanids and their military jargon have been mostly accepted by further conqueror governments; for instance, Turkish Muslim governments and Muslim Arabs. All in all, martial innovations and developments of Sassanid have also impacted on it's own language by providing new terms in terminology of weaponry; Lately, Arabic Muslim and Muslim Turkish governments have also adopted those terms to their own languages that it shows that integration of martial terms in languages illuminate the fact that cultures lived surroundings of Iran have been mutually impressed each other.