Prognostic value role of radiofrequency lesion size by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging on outcomes of ablation in patients with ischemic scar-related ventricular tachycardia a single center pilot study
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Inadequate ablation lesion formation may be responsible for post-ablation ventricular tachycardia (VT) recurrences. We aimed to evaluate whether visualisation of radiofrequency (RF) lesion size by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has any role in predicting adequacy of lesion and in estimating outcome. Retrospective pilot study Nine consecutive patients (8 male, age 60 +/- 13 years) underwent ablation for sustained VT because of ischemic scar were evaluated for pre-and post-procedure scar tissue by CMR to characterize ablation lesions. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) surrounded by late gadolinium enhancement was defined as irreversible RF lesion. All patients were followed for at least 6 months for recurrences. Five of the patients had previous inferior myocardial infarction (MI), whereas remaining 4 had anterior MI. Acute procedural success, as defined by termination of the arrhythmia without recurrence in 30 minutes, was attained in all patients. Contrast enhancement and wall motion abnormality in presumed infarction area were confirmed by pre-ablation CMR images. MVO was detected at the reported ablation site in 6/9 patients, all arrhythmia-and symptom-free at median 24 months (range 8-38 months) follow-up. In remaining 3 patients who had VT recurrence (clinical VT in 2, sustain VT with a new morphology in 1), MVO was not detected despite achievement of acute procedural success. There was no correlation with pre-ablation scar size and clinical arrhythmia recurrence. CMR is a useful imaging modality to guide ablation procedures by detecting scar tissue. Additionally MVO seen by post-procedural imaging may be related to adequacy of RF ablation lesions and may correlate with clinical outcome.