Determining the social appearance anxiety levels of the students participating in school sports in different branches
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The purpose of this study is to determine the social appearance anxiety levels of students participating in school sports in different branches. The research was conducted in Balikesir province during 2016-2017 academic year and a total of 983 students composed of 589 males and 394 females from Anatolian High School, Vocational and Technical High School, Imam Hatip (Religious) High School, Science High School and Social Sciences High School voluntarily participated in the research. Descriptive method was used in the research and the assessment was made. Required permissions were taken from the Provincial Directorate for National Education for the performance of the research. Later on, schools were visited and the students participating in the school sports were informed related to the research, and the study was conducted on the volunteer students for the questionnaire. In order to achieve the goals of research, personal information form and "Social Appearance Anxiety Scale (SAAS)" were used. "Social Appearance Anxiety Scale" developed by Hart et al. (2008) and adapted into Turkish by Doan (2010) is a 5-point Likert type scale composed of 16 items. The answers given to the items of the scale range from not at all (1) to extremely (5). The scale has one sub-dimension and the minimum score that can be obtained from the scale is 16 and the maximum score is 80. The increase in scores of the scale means that students are experiencing more social anxiety. The value of .91 was determined as Cronbach Alpha coefficient. The data collected from the students were analyzed in the SPSS 20 statistical program after being transferred to the computer environment. From the statistical analyses, one-way Variance (Anova) analysis was used for three and more groups. Tukey HSD test was used to find out which group caused the significant difference. p<0.05 was taken as significance level. A statistically significant difference has been found between the social appearance anxiety levels of the students participating in school sports in different branches (football, basketball, volleyball, handball, athletics, badminton, table tennis, bocce) (p<0.05). It has been determined that the students participating in school sports from the bocce branch have more social appearance anxiety level than other branches of football, volleyball, athletics and table tennis. It has also been ascertained that the social appearance anxiety levels of individuals participating in the research are below average (2.1790/ 34.8627). So it has been concluded that sports reduce the social appearance anxiety level and it can be suggested that every student should be directed towards one of the school sports under the guidance of family and school.