Effect of synthesis parameters on the properties of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles
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Iron oxide nanoparticles were coprecipitated in air medium using different sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentrations, and their structural and magnetic properties were studied. It was observed that the precipitation of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles could be achieved above a critical NaOH concentration. This was followed by the investigation of the effect of the stirring rate on the structural and magnetic properties of the nanoparticles precipitated at 8.5 M NaOH and over. Morphological observation made by a transmission electron microscope (TEM) showed that the particle size of iron oxide nanoparticles was around 7.5 nm. Magnetization curves measured by a vibrating sample magnetometer showed zero coercivity indicating that the samples are superparamagnetic and the highest saturation magnetization (70.4 emu/g) was obtained at the stirring rate of 1100 rpm. The mean particle sizes of iron oxide nanoparticles calculated from the magnetization data are found to be consistent with the particle sizes obtained from the TEM images.