Characteristics of pediatric and adult cases with open globe injury and factors affecting visual outcomes: a retrospective analysis of 294 cases from turkey
AuthorKaragöz, Işıl Kutlutürk
Sarı, Esin Söğütlü
Pinero, David P.
MetadataShow full item record
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate 1-year follow-up results of cases that were diagnosed with open globe injury (OGI), to compare trauma-related characteristics between pediatric and adult cases, and to determine risk factors for a poor final visual acuity. METHODS: This study enrolled 294 cases that met the OGI definition and were followed up for at least 1 year. Demographic and clinical features regarding ocular trauma were recorded. The cases were divided into two groups according to age: pediatric (<= 16 years) and adult (> 16 years) groups. RESULTS: Children were exposed to accidents that led to OGI mostly at home, whereas adults were exposed to such accidents mostly in the office. Penetrating injuries were more common in children than in adults, and injuries most commonly occurred owing to spiky objects. Zone I injuries were most frequent in both children and adults. The frequency of high-grade injuries increased with age. Foreign body injuries and multiple surgeries were more common in adults than in children. There was no difference between the two age groups based on ocular trauma score (OTS) and visual acuity. OTS predicted the need for multiple surgeries. In the adult group, age, multiple surgeries, and initial visual acuity were significant risk factors for the final visual acuity that was achieved. CONCLUSION: OGI causes and risk factors for poor final visual outcomes differ in adults and children. The knowledge of these differences is crucial for taking adequate preventive measures and decreasing morbidity.
SourceUlusal Travma ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi-Turkish Journal Of Trauma & Emergency Surgery
- WOS-2018