Adaptation of ICT integration approach scale to Kosovo culture: A study of validity and reliability analysis
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The aim of this study is to adapt ICT integration approach scale to Kosovo culture, which measures ICT integration approaches of university faculty to teaching and learning process. The scale developed in Turkish has been translated into Albanian to provide linguistic equivalence. The survey was given to a total of 303 instructors [161 (53.1%) females and 142 (46.9%) males] for the Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the scale. In the first analysis of the scale, fit indices were obtained in support of 3 factors. However, as a result of 4 different modifications made between 8 items, excellent values were obtained for some of the fit indices. For criterion validity, statistically significant differences were found, in terms of the cognitive and cultural dimensions, between the users who don't use technology or use it very limited and the users who often use technology in the teaching and learning process. As a result of Cronbach's Alpha analysis in the context of internal consistency of the scale, high reliability values have been obtained both in the dimensions of traditional, cognitive and cultural integration and throughout the scale. It has been determined that all items are discriminators as a result of the analysis made by the upper group and lower group technique for item discrimination. Results show that the scale supports the 3 factors in Kosovo culture as well and can be used to determine in what context instructors integrate technology in their teaching and learning process.