Impact of malaxation on quality and compositional characteristics of Edremit yaglik olive oil
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"The aim of the study was to investigate the changes in olive oils obtained from Edremit yaglk cultivar during malaxation. For this purpose, olives were processed to olive oil in industrial scale, and during processing olive paste obtained after crushing were malaxed for eight different malaxation times. The olive oil samples were evaluated for their quality parameters, volatile compounds, fatty acid, and sterol profiles. Results showed that free fatty acids increased; peroxide values, chlorophyll and carotenoid content, hexanal concentration decreased; K-232 and K-270 values, total phenol and tocopherol content fluctuated throughout malaxation. Fatty acid and sterol composition remained unchanged toward kneading process. Polyphenoloxidase activity decreased to a limit and remained almost constant till the end of malaxation period; whereas peroxidase activity tended to increase up to 40 min malaxation and afterward it began to lose its activity. PCA enabled the grouping of samples obtained from long and shorter malaxing periods. Practical applicationsChange in quality and some compositional parameters of virgin olive oil from Edremit yaglk variety during malaxation were investigated. Results have shown that some properties of virgin olive oil are affected by malaxation time. It is also possible to regulate the volatile composition by changing the kneading time. The current work examines the relation between the enzymatic activity and oil quality throughout the process, as well. The findings of the current study might be considered useful for olive oil producers to obtain optimum quality olive oil."