Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist triggering with concomitant administration of low doses of human chorionic gonadotropin or a freeze-all strategy in high responders
MetadataShow full item record
"Objectives: To compare the live birth rates and moderate/severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) rates of 2 different approaches using gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist triggering in high responder women. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed to evaluate intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and embryo transfer (ET) outcomes in high responder women who underwent ovulation induction with a GnRH antagonist protocol between April 2011 and March 2015. In group 1 (n=74), GnRH agonist was used for ovulation triggering with the concomitant use of 1500 IU of urinary human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) immediately after oocyte retrieval followed by fresh ET and standard luteal support. In group 2 (n=48), GnRH agonist was used for triggering after freezing all embryos and subsequent frozen/thawed embryo transfer (FET); this approach is considered the ""freeze-all"" approach. Results: Baseline characteristics were similar between the groups. The clinical pregnancy rates for group 1 was 45.9% and group 2 was 43.8% (p=0.812, chi-squared test) and live birth rates for group 1 was 40.5% and for group 2 41.7% (p=0.902, chi-squared test) were comparable between groups. In group 1, late-onset OHSS was observed (one severe case and one moderate case) in 2 patients (2.7%). In group 2, none of the patients experienced moderate/severe OHSS. Conclusion: The live birth rate with GnRH agonist triggering and concomitant use of 1500 IU of hCG immediately after oocyte retrieval was similar to that obtained with the freeze-all approach and FET in a subsequent cycle. The administration of a low dose of hCG in GnRH agonist trigger cycles caused moderate/severe OHSS in 2.7% of the patients."