Transseptal subperichondrial endoscopic hypophysectomy with preservation of vital nasal structures
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Introduction:Pituitary surgery involving different techniques is often applied to the excision of benign adenomas. Operative interventions involved various approaches and techniques. Endoscopic transsphenoidal approach is the less traumatic route to the sella turcica, avoiding brain retraction, and also permitting good visualization, with lower rates of morbidity and mortality. Although mortality of pituitary surgery decreased by advances in surgical techniques morbidities such as synechiae formation, anosmia, bleeding, nasal septal perforations, drying, and incrustation due to traumatization of the nasal structures such as septum, nasal mucosa, and middle concha are the current problems in pituitary surgery. Here, the authors described an endoscopic transseptal subpericondrial hypophysectomy with minimal damage to normal anatomy and physiology and discussed advantages of this technique.Methods:The authors performed endoscopic transseptal subpericondrial hypophysectomy to 2 patients and evaluated intraoperative and postoperative results.Results:No complication was noted during surgery or postoperative period with endoscopic transseptal subpericondrial hypophysectomy technique.Conclusions:Endoscopic transseptal subpericondrial hypophysectomy is a safe technique and, requires only a short surgery time and does not require the removal of any physiological tissue or cause any bleeding.