Properties of iron oxide nanoparticles synthesized at different temperatures
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Iron oxide nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation in air atmosphere at different temperatures and their structural and magnetic properties were investigated. The mean particle sizes of iron oxide nanoparticles were calculated from the X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns using the Scherrer equation. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis exhibited the vibration bands at 563 cm(-1) and 620 cm(-1) confirming the formation of Fe(3)O(4) and gamma-Fe(2)O(3), respectively. Morphological observation was made by a transmission electron microscope and the particle size of iron oxide nanoparticles was found to be around 9 nm which is consistent with the particle size calculated according to the XRD patterns. It was observed that the intensity of the peaks in the patterns and crystallinity increased as the temperature increased. Magnetization curves showed zero coercivities indicating that the samples are superparamagnetic.