GaN epitaxy on thermally treated c-plane bulk ZnO substrates with O and Zn faces
Reshchikov, Michael A.
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ZnO is considered as a promising substrate for GaN epitaxy because of stacking match and close lattice match to GaN. Traditionally, however, it suffered from poor surface preparation which hampered epitaxial growth in general and GaN in particular. In this. work, ZnO substrates with atomically flat and terrace-like features were attained by annealing at high temperature in air. GaN epitaxial layers on such thermally treated basal plane ZnO with Zn-arid O polarity have been grown by molecular beam epitaxy, and two-dimensional growth mode was achieved as indicated by reflection high-energy electron diffraction. We observed well-resolved ZnO and GaN peaks in the high-resolution x-ray diffraction scans, with no Ga2ZnO4 phase detectable. Low-temperature photoluminescence results indicate that high-quality GaN can be achieved on both O- and Zn-face ZnO.