Predictive value of a fragmented QRS complex in patients undergoing primary angioplasty for ST elevation myocardial infarction
MetadataShow full item record
ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of fragmented QRS (fQRS) on electrocardiography (ECG) patients with acute ST-segment elevation in myocardial infarction (STEMI), who are undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MethodsWe prospectively enrolled 414 consecutive STEMI patients (mean age of 55.2 12.2 years old, range of 26-91-years old) undergoing primary PCI. The study patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of fQRS as shown by ECG in the first 48 hours. The presence of fQRS group was defined as fQRS(+) (n = 91), and the absence of fQRS group was defined as the fQRS(-) (n = 323) group. Clinical characteristics and the one-year outcome of the primary PCI were analyzed. ResultsThe patients in the fQRS(+) group were older (mean age 60.7 +/- 12.5 vs. 53.6 +/- 11.6 years old, P<0.001). Higher one-year all-cause mortality rates were observed in the fQRS group upon ECG (23.1% vs. 2.5%, P<0.001, respectively). When using the Cox multivariate analysis, the presence of fQRS on the ECG was found to be a powerful independent predictor of one-year all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 5.24, 95% confidence interval: 1.43-19.2, P = 0.01). ConclusionsThese results suggest that the presence of fQRS on ECG was associated with an increased in-hospital cardiovascular mortality, and one-year all-cause mortality in patients with STEMI who are under primary PCI.