The promising synthetic route hydrothermal synthesis of non-stoichiometric cerium and boron containing compounds and characterization
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Cerium, the most abundant rare earth element, and boron containing mineral (lithium tetraborate pentahydrate) were used for synthesizing rare earth borates. Alternatively, for preparing rare earth borates, hydrothermal technique can be used. The non-stoichiometric cerium and boron containing compounds were synthesized by hydrothermal method using cerium sulphate and lithium tetraborate pentahydrate in appropriate molar ratio. Characterizations were done by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive X-ray analysis, and thermogravimetric/differential thermal analysis.