Electronic surface states of Cu(110) surface
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Surface states are a unique and important class of quantum states that shave an important effect on the electronic properties of Cu(110) surface. The Cu(110) surface has been studied using ultraviolet photoemission spectroscopy (PES), inverse photoemission spectroscopy (IPES), and reflection anisotropy spectroscopy (RAS), and shows a resonance in the RAS spectra at 2.1 eV due to a transition between occupied and unoccupied surface states. The unoccupied surface state involved in the RAS transition at an energy of 1.7 eV at the (Y) over bar point of the surface Brillouin zone has been investigated using IPES and the occupied surface state is seen in PES spectra at 0.45 eV below the Fermi level. The energy difference of the surface states, 2.15 eV, is a good match to the transition energy found in the RAS experiments.